Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer

Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer

Ubiquity of Computers

A computer is a programmable electronic device that can retrieve, store and process data. It comprises hardware components like the processor, memory, hard drive, input/output devices, software applications, and operating systems. Computers can perform various tasks and calculations quickly and efficiently. They have significantly transformed human life and are used in almost every field today. Computers have become essential in industries, consumer products, control systems, mobile phones, and personal computers. This article is about discoveries, characteristics and Advantages and Disadvantages of Computer

Early Discoveries to Modern Advancements

The weight and size of computers have dramatically changed since their inception. Early computers were large and heavy machines that occupied entire rooms. For example, the first electronic computer, ENIAC, weighed over 27 tons and had a floor area of 1,800 square feet. However, with technological advancements, computers have become smaller, more compact, and more portable. Today, we have laptops, tablets, and smartphones that are lightweight and easy to carry.

As for the discovery of computers, while Babbage is often considered the father of the computer for his work on automatic computing machines in the 19th century, the creation of the modern computer involved the contributions of many inventors and engineers. The first programmable electronic computer, ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer), was developed by J. Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly and debuted on February 15, 1946. ENIAC was a significant milestone in computer history, being the first electronic, programmable, and general-purpose computer.

Since then, numerous individuals and companies have played crucial roles in advancing computer technology, shaping its design, and making it more accessible to people worldwide. The evolution of computers continues to this day, with ongoing innovations in hardware, software, and connectivity.

Characteristics of Computers


Computers perform tasks and calculations at incredibly high speeds, saving time and increasing efficiency.


Computers deliver precise and accurate results, minimizing errors caused by human input.

Diligence: Computers work tirelessly without experiencing fatigue, lack of concentration, or other human limitations.


Computers can perform various tasks simultaneously, making them adaptable to various applications.


Computers produce reliable and consistent results when provided with correct and authentic data.


Computers exhibit consistency by performing tasks flawlessly over extended periods without compromising accuracy.


Computers possess ample built-in memory, allowing for extensive data storage and retrieval. Computers have large storage capacities, both in internal and external storage devices, enhancing their capability.


Computers enable the automation of tasks, simplifying routine operations and enhancing productivity.

These characteristics have propelled the widespread use of computers across diverse industries, providing numerous advantages while posing specific challenges.

Advantages of Computers


Computers can perform multiple tasks and operations simultaneously, increasing productivity and efficiency.


Computers process tasks and calculations incredibly, saving time and completing work quickly.

Massive Storage

Computers have large storage capacities, allowing for storing vast amounts of data at a minimal cost.


Computers deliver precise and accurate results, minimizing errors and ensuring reliable outcomes.

Data Security

Computers play a vital role in protecting digital data, safeguarding it from breaches, and providing data restoration capabilities.

Task Completer

Computers can complete tasks that would be impossible or challenging for humans.


Computers facilitate better understanding and communication with other devices, enabling seamless connectivity.

Increased Productivity

Computers enhance productivity by automating tasks, completing work quickly, and enabling efficient data processing.

Workload Reduction

Computers enable information sharing and collaboration, reducing the need for duplicated work and increasing efficiency.


Computers consistently perform tasks without errors or fatigue, providing reliable results.


Computers offer ample built-in memory and external storage options, allowing for storing and retrieving large amounts of data.

Overall, there are numerous advantages of computers that have transformed human life, increasing efficiency, productivity, and data management capabilities.

Disadvantages of Computers

Virus and Hacking Attacks

Computers are vulnerable to viruses and hacking attacks, disrupting their functioning and compromising data security.

Online Cyber Crimes

The rise of computers and the internet has also increased cybercrimes such as cyberstalking and online fraud.

Reduced Employment Opportunities

The automation and efficiency of computers have resulted in job displacement and reduced employment opportunities for specific industries.

High Cost

Computers and their peripherals can be expensive, making them inaccessible for individuals with limited financial resources, particularly in some regions.

Distractions and Disruptions

Computers can be a source of distractions, especially with the vast amount of online content, leading to decreased productivity and addictive behaviors.

Environmental Impact

The rapid pace of technological advancements and the disposal of old computer equipment contribute to electronic waste, which harms the environment.

Health Issues

Extended computer use can cause various health issues, including eye strain, headaches, back pain, and poor posture.

Fake News and Misinformation

Computers and the internet enable the rapid spread of fake news and misinformation, impacting society’s trust in information sources.

It’s important to note that while computers have disadvantages, they also significantly benefit our lives. The key lies in understanding and mitigating the risks associated with their use.


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